Impact of the Strictness and Cohesiveness of Management Feedback on Construction Workers' Safety Behavior: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Byungjoo Choi, SangHyun Lee

Abstract

Although workers’ unsafe behaviors are the main causes of accdients in construction projects, there is a noticable lack of research addressing the mechanisms of workers’ safety behavior. In this paper, an agent-based model that integrates the cognitive process of safety behavior and workers’ interactions with the environment—including coworkers, management, and site condition—has been constructed. Then, model experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of the strictness and cohesiveness of management feedback on safety behavior. The results indicated that while the strictness has significant impacts on reducing workers’ unsafe behaviors, the impacts become limited in specific conditions; 1) lenient feedback in the modest-risk condition; 2) whole range of the strictness in the low-risk condition except for very strict feedback; and 3) very stict feedback in high-risk conditions. Also, it was found that construction managers should achieve at least a medium level of cohesiveness in feedback in order to prevent the negative impacts of the low cohesiveness of management feedback. This paper contributes to the body of knowledge on construction safety as well as simulation literature by developing the socio-cognitive process model of workers’ safety behavior that examines how the socio-cognitive process interacts with management and the site condition.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Choi B. and Lee S. (2017). Impact of the Strictness and Cohesiveness of Management Feedback on Construction Workers' Safety Behavior: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation . In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - Volume 1: SIMULTECH, ISBN 978-989-758-265-3, pages 348-355. DOI: 10.5220/0006442303480355


in Bibtex Style

@conference{simultech17,
author={Byungjoo Choi and SangHyun Lee},
title={Impact of the Strictness and Cohesiveness of Management Feedback on Construction Workers' Safety Behavior: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation },
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - Volume 1: SIMULTECH,},
year={2017},
pages={348-355},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006442303480355},
isbn={978-989-758-265-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF
JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Simulation and Modeling Methodologies, Technologies and Applications - Volume 1: SIMULTECH,
TI - Impact of the Strictness and Cohesiveness of Management Feedback on Construction Workers' Safety Behavior: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation
SN - 978-989-758-265-3
AU - Choi B.
AU - Lee S.
PY - 2017
SP - 348
EP - 355
DO - 10.5220/0006442303480355