Pseudo Participation?: Conflict Resolution for the Relocation of Bloater Sellers in the city of Surabaya

Erna Setijaningrum, Fierda Nurany

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to identify the degree of participation of smoked fish traders in conflict resolution efforts conducted by the Surabaya City Government in relocating those sellers from along the curb of Kejawan Lor to Sentra Ikan Bulak (Bulak Fish Center) Surabaya. The relocation is caused by the presence of smoked fish traders which has disrupted the esthetics of the city, the order, and the comfort of the surrounding community. However, the relocation plan did not succeed to move them to the new location, even it inevitably triggered conflict between Surabaya City Government and the sellers. Hence, conflict resolution undertaken by the Surabaya municipal government is to conduct conciliation with providing space to participate for smoked fish traders. The theory used in this research is conflict resolution theory from Dahrendorf (1998) which mentions three forms of conflict resolution, namely: 1) conciliation, 2) mediation, and 3) arbitration. Meanwhile, to measure the degree of participation, the theory of Arnestein (1969) introduces ladder of participation which consists of 1) non participation (manipulation and theraphy) 2) tokenism (informing, consultation, and placation) and 3) citizen power (Partnership, delegated power and citizen control).The result of this research indicates that unsuccessful relocation of smoked fish traders to Sentra Ikan Bulak is due to the giving of participation space only at tokenism degree. In other words, it is only a formality. Meanwhile, the level of sellers' participation is merely on consultation or accommodating the proposal. In other words, the Surabaya City Government accommodated all proposals from smoked fish merchants, yet did not grant the entire offers. Thus, it did not resolve the conflict.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Setijaningrum E. and Nurany F. (2017). Pseudo Participation?: Conflict Resolution for the Relocation of Bloater Sellers in the city of Surabaya.In 2nd International Conference on Sociology Education - Volume 1: ICSE, ISBN 978-989-758-316-2, pages 269-276. DOI: 10.5220/0007096602690276


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icse17,
author={Erna Setijaningrum and Fierda Nurany},
title={Pseudo Participation?: Conflict Resolution for the Relocation of Bloater Sellers in the city of Surabaya},
booktitle={2nd International Conference on Sociology Education - Volume 1: ICSE,},
year={2017},
pages={269-276},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007096602690276},
isbn={978-989-758-316-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - 2nd International Conference on Sociology Education - Volume 1: ICSE,
TI - Pseudo Participation?: Conflict Resolution for the Relocation of Bloater Sellers in the city of Surabaya
SN - 978-989-758-316-2
AU - Setijaningrum E.
AU - Nurany F.
PY - 2017
SP - 269
EP - 276
DO - 10.5220/0007096602690276