Examining Conversation of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - An Application of Grice’s Cooperative Principle

Yana Andira Aprilidya, Ernie D. A. Imperiani

Abstract

This study looks at how individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (henceforth ASD) understand messages in a conversation. This study is a case study that focuses on two children with ASD in schools for special needs in Bandung. Applying Grice’s Cooperative Principle, this study examines the observance and non-observance of maxims as well as the possible reasons underlying the non-observance of maxims by children with ASD. The data which are in the form of texts are obtained from recorded conversations and are analyzed qualitatively. Findings reveal that both children mostly observe all four maxims. However, there are also a small number of instances of non-observance of maxims; namely, flouting, infringing, violating, and opting out that are committed. The reasons behind the non-observance of maxim are, among others, impairment in speaking performance and imperfect command of language. The findings indicate that children with ASD in this context generally manage to create successful communication with their interlocutors. Nevertheless, there are also very rare cases of breaking maxims in which they sometimes make attempts to evoke jokes, avoid uncomfortable situations, and generate other meanings. In fact, these children sometimes fail to produce true and brief utterances due to the characteristics of their language skills.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Aprilidya Y. and Imperiani E. (2017). Examining Conversation of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - An Application of Grice’s Cooperative Principle.In The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE, ISBN 978-989-758-332-2, pages 399-405. DOI: 10.5220/0007168003990405


in Bibtex Style

@conference{conaplin and icollite17,
author={Yana Andira Aprilidya and Ernie D. A. Imperiani},
title={Examining Conversation of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - An Application of Grice’s Cooperative Principle},
booktitle={The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE,},
year={2017},
pages={399-405},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007168003990405},
isbn={978-989-758-332-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE,
TI - Examining Conversation of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - An Application of Grice’s Cooperative Principle
SN - 978-989-758-332-2
AU - Aprilidya Y.
AU - Imperiani E.
PY - 2017
SP - 399
EP - 405
DO - 10.5220/0007168003990405