Cognate in Indonesian and Berau Language - Comparative Linguistics Study

Dike Febianti, Nuny Sulistiany I., Sri Wiyanti

Abstract

Indonesian language (IL) and Berau language (BL) are classified into Austronesia family, sub-family of Malay-Polynesia. Based on the classification, this study was conducted to validate the statement above. The aims of this study were to describe the similarity, resemblance, and distinction of the root word in Indonesian and Berau language based on correspondence analysis; and to clarify the cognate level between Indonesian and Berau language based on lexicostatistic extrapolation. The study used descriptive, comparative, and observation methods, based on lexicostatistic and correspondence theory. The findings revealed that out of 200 root words analyzed, 75 of them to be the similar, 72 are alike, and 53 to be different. Findings also revealed that several formulas namely, “each phoneme /h/ in IL will always correspond with zero in BL”; “each phoneme /?/ in IL will always correspond with phoneme /a/ in BL”; and “each phoneme /o/ in IL will always correspond with phoneme /u/ in BL”. These happen because of the lack of phonemes /?/, /h/, and /o/ in BL. Several consonants cluster in BL were found, i.e. /bb/, /dd/, /jj/, /ll/, /pp/, /rr/, /ss/, and /tt/. New consonants in BL were also found such as [l], [m], [ñ], [?], and [p]. Cognates which were successfully identified were 73. Lastly, these findings proved that IL and BL are at the level of family classification.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Febianti D., I. N. and Wiyanti S. (2017). Cognate in Indonesian and Berau Language - Comparative Linguistics Study.In The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE, ISBN 978-989-758-332-2, pages 716-719. DOI: 10.5220/0007173807160719


in Bibtex Style

@conference{conaplin and icollite17,
author={Dike Febianti and Nuny Sulistiany I. and Sri Wiyanti},
title={Cognate in Indonesian and Berau Language - Comparative Linguistics Study},
booktitle={The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE,},
year={2017},
pages={716-719},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007173807160719},
isbn={978-989-758-332-2},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - The Tenth Conference on Applied Linguistics and The Second English Language Teaching and Technology Conference in collaboration with The First International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education - Volume 1: CONAPLIN and ICOLLITE,
TI - Cognate in Indonesian and Berau Language - Comparative Linguistics Study
SN - 978-989-758-332-2
AU - Febianti D.
AU - I. N.
AU - Wiyanti S.
PY - 2017
SP - 716
EP - 719
DO - 10.5220/0007173807160719