Correlation between Dental Caries Level and Nutritional Status of Preschool Children Aged 4-5 Years in Perak Timur Village Surabaya

R. Darmawan Setijanto, Alievia Casandra Hadi, Lydia Martina S, Retno Palupi, Taufan Bramantoro, Titiek Berniyanti, Agung Sosiawan, Gilang Rasuna Sabdho Wening

Abstract

Dental caries and malnutrition in preschool children are public health problems with multifactorial etiologies and mechanisms. Teeth and the oral cavity have an important role of nutritional intake. Nutrition is an important factor that may determine the process of growth and development; accordingly an imbalance between intake and the need of nutrition cause malnutrition. Untreated caries is a disease that may cause pain and discomfort, and therefore may affect the weight, quality of life, and growth of children. Untreated caries may decrease chewing ability, which consequently leads to inadequate nutrient intake. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the correlation between dental caries and nutritional status among preschool children aged 4-5 years in Perak Timur village, Surabaya. Ninety-three preschool children were involved from two early childhood education programs (ECEP). Caries were measured using def-index, and nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measurement. Assessment of nutritional status was based on the weight/height (W/H) Z-score. There was an inverse linear correlation between dental caries and the nutritional status of children and significantly lower anthropometric outcomes in children at each consecutive group with higher levels of caries. The significancy of Spearman’s test was p=0,000 (p<0,05). The higher the levels of dental caries, the poorer the nutritional status of preschool children.

Download


Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Setijanto R., Hadi A., S L., Palupi R., Bramantoro T., Berniyanti T., Sosiawan A. and Wening G. (2017). Correlation between Dental Caries Level and Nutritional Status of Preschool Children Aged 4-5 Years in Perak Timur Village Surabaya.In Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4, ISBN 978-989-758-341-4, pages 126-129. DOI: 10.5220/0007293401260129


in Bibtex Style

@conference{timnas7-jsmid417,
author={R. Darmawan Setijanto and Alievia Casandra Hadi and Lydia Martina S and Retno Palupi and Taufan Bramantoro and Titiek Berniyanti and Agung Sosiawan and Gilang Rasuna Sabdho Wening},
title={Correlation between Dental Caries Level and Nutritional Status of Preschool Children Aged 4-5 Years in Perak Timur Village Surabaya},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4,},
year={2017},
pages={126-129},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007293401260129},
isbn={978-989-758-341-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4,
TI - Correlation between Dental Caries Level and Nutritional Status of Preschool Children Aged 4-5 Years in Perak Timur Village Surabaya
SN - 978-989-758-341-4
AU - Setijanto R.
AU - Hadi A.
AU - S L.
AU - Palupi R.
AU - Bramantoro T.
AU - Berniyanti T.
AU - Sosiawan A.
AU - Wening G.
PY - 2017
SP - 126
EP - 129
DO - 10.5220/0007293401260129