Utilization of Potassium Cyanide as an Electrolyte Solution in the Electropolishing Process of Denture Metal Frameworks

Sujati, Okti Setyowati, Sri Wahjuni

Abstract

Surface rough dentures will cause discomfort to the wearer, but it also causes attachment of food that is difficult to clean, especially the area of ​​the fittings surface, for which the metal frame denture must undergo electropolishing. Electropolishing is an electrochemical process for removing a layer of metal from surfaces in order to make it smooth using an electrolyte solution from an expensive factory; electropolishing is opposite to electroplating. In the traditional market electroplating (gold plating) is still found using electrolyte solution containing potassium cyanide mixed with water. Purposes: To find out whether potassium cyanide can be used as an electrolyte solution in the electropolishing process to replace electropolishing solutions produced by the fabric Methods: This study used 24 pieces ofrectangular cobalt-chromium metal with length = 10 mm, width = 10 mm and thickness = 2 mm as a sample. The samples were divided into 4 groups. Group I: electropolishing with an electrolyte (control) solution, Group II: electropolishing with a 1% potassium solution, Group III: 2% potassium solution, Group IV: 3%potassium solution. To measure the sample surface roughness the data obtained wasanalyzed using Anova. Results: There was a significant difference between the control group andelectropolishing group with 1% potassium concentration solution, while for the control group compared with the 2% concentration potassium solution group and 3% concentration group there was no significant difference of metal surface roughness value (p <0, 05). Conclusion: Metallic surface roughness as a result of electropolishing with potassium solution of 2% and 3% concentration produces the same surface roughness as the solution fromthe factory, so potassium cyanide can be used as an electropolishing solution.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Sujati., Setyowati O. and Wahjuni S. (2017). Utilization of Potassium Cyanide as an Electrolyte Solution in the Electropolishing Process of Denture Metal Frameworks.In Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4, ISBN 978-989-758-341-4, pages 185-190. DOI: 10.5220/0007294701850190


in Bibtex Style

@conference{timnas7-jsmid417,
author={Sujati and Okti Setyowati and Sri Wahjuni},
title={Utilization of Potassium Cyanide as an Electrolyte Solution in the Electropolishing Process of Denture Metal Frameworks},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4,},
year={2017},
pages={185-190},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007294701850190},
isbn={978-989-758-341-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 7th International Meeting and the 4th Joint Scientific Meeting in Dentistry - Volume 1: TIMNAS7-JSMID4,
TI - Utilization of Potassium Cyanide as an Electrolyte Solution in the Electropolishing Process of Denture Metal Frameworks
SN - 978-989-758-341-4
AU - Sujati.
AU - Setyowati O.
AU - Wahjuni S.
PY - 2017
SP - 185
EP - 190
DO - 10.5220/0007294701850190