Maternal Anthropometrics as a Predictor of Preeclampsia Risk Factor

Putri Wulan Akbar, Florentina Sustini, Hermanto Tri Juwono, Handayani

Abstract

Abstract: Preeclampsia (PE) is still a major cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity in both well-resourced and under-resourced settings, while the etiology of this disease remains uncertain. Both overweight and obesity have been shown to be strong predispositions of preeclampsia that can be assessed by several methods. The clinical relevance of those different anthropometric methods with preeclampsia is still being debated. The objective of this study was to examine the association between maternal anthropometrics (body mass index (BMI) pre-pregnancy, BMI in the third trimester, and upper arm circumference (UAC)) and preeclampsia in order to determine which anthropometric method is the best predictor of preeclampsia. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted between February and September 2017 at dr. M. Soewandhie Surabaya state hospital and Universitas Airlangga teaching hospital. Subjects were 51 preeclampsia mothers and 51 control subjects. Data were collected by interviewing subjects and accessing medical records. Subjects were categorized into two groups: an underweight/normoweight group and an overweight/obese group. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using logistic regression. The results showed that only overweight/obesity determined by measuring BMI in the third trimester was a significant risk factor for preeclampsia (OR=3.762; 95% CI 1.472–9.616; p=0.008). This finding supports the view that weight gain that occurs in the third trimester is a major concern in relation to preeclampsia.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Wulan Akbar P., Sustini F., Tri Juwono H. and Handayani. (2017). Maternal Anthropometrics as a Predictor of Preeclampsia Risk Factor.In Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS, ISBN 978-989-758-340-7, pages 241-243. DOI: 10.5220/0007336702410243


in Bibtex Style

@conference{sips17,
author={Putri Wulan Akbar and Florentina Sustini and Hermanto Tri Juwono and Handayani},
title={Maternal Anthropometrics as a Predictor of Preeclampsia Risk Factor},
booktitle={Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS,},
year={2017},
pages={241-243},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007336702410243},
isbn={978-989-758-340-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS,
TI - Maternal Anthropometrics as a Predictor of Preeclampsia Risk Factor
SN - 978-989-758-340-7
AU - Wulan Akbar P.
AU - Sustini F.
AU - Tri Juwono H.
AU - Handayani.
PY - 2017
SP - 241
EP - 243
DO - 10.5220/0007336702410243