Description of Body Mass Index Changes in Emergency Patients at the Intensive Observation Room–Emergency Installation

Galang Damariski Lusandi, Prananda Surya Airlangga, Ariandi Setiawan

Abstract

Weight loss and the decrease of body mass index in intensive care unit patients has been correlated with morbidity and mortality significantly. Malnutrition is a common problem which happens in patients. Nutrition status can have an impact on the healing process. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the weight that can impact body mass index changes before admission and after discharge from the Intensive Observation Room–Emergency Installation of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. Observational analytic research was conducted on emergency patients who had intensive care in the Intensive Care Unit of Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. We collected demographic data (gender, age, length of stay, and APACHE II ACORE) and body mass index of patients on the admission and discharge day. The data of body mass index were analyzed with SPSS to determine the difference before admission and after discharge. Twenty-nine patients were enrolled with a proportion of 62% males and 38% females. The patients ranged in the age from 13 to 65 years old, with 52% of patients in the age range of 18-40 years old. Length of stay was mostly 2-4 days (34%) with the most APACHE II SCORE being 11-20 points (57%). The mean of the patients’ weight on admission day was 62.7 kg with the minimum of 40.0 kg and maximum of 85.0 kg. The mean of the patient’s weight on the discharge day was 61.5 kg with the minimum score of 41.0 kg and maximum of 84.5 kg. The mean of the patient’s BMI on the admission day was 24.4 kg/m2 with the minimum score of 14.7 kg/m2 and maximum of 30.0 kg/m2. The mean BMI on discharge day was 23.82 kg/m2 with the minimum score of 15.0 kg/m2 and maximum of 29.30 kg/m2. We obtained a significant decrease in weight and BMI with p = 0.001. There was a significant decrease in weight and body mass index before admission and after discharge of emergency patients from October to November 2017

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Lusandi G., Airlangga P. and Setiawan A. (2017). Description of Body Mass Index Changes in Emergency Patients at the Intensive Observation Room–Emergency Installation.In Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS, ISBN 978-989-758-340-7, pages 501-504. DOI: 10.5220/0007341305010504


in Bibtex Style

@conference{sips17,
author={Galang Damariski Lusandi and Prananda Surya Airlangga and Ariandi Setiawan},
title={Description of Body Mass Index Changes in Emergency Patients at the Intensive Observation Room–Emergency Installation},
booktitle={Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS,},
year={2017},
pages={501-504},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007341305010504},
isbn={978-989-758-340-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of Surabaya International Physiology Seminar - Volume 1: SIPS,
TI - Description of Body Mass Index Changes in Emergency Patients at the Intensive Observation Room–Emergency Installation
SN - 978-989-758-340-7
AU - Lusandi G.
AU - Airlangga P.
AU - Setiawan A.
PY - 2017
SP - 501
EP - 504
DO - 10.5220/0007341305010504