The Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension in the Elderly

Riza Fikriana

Abstract

The prevalence of hypertension means that it now affects nearly 9.7 million people annually in the world. In Indonesia, based on the results of Basic Health Research 2013, it was found that prevalence of Indonesian population aged ≥ 18 years who experienced hypertension based on the diagnosis of health personnel found as much as 9.4% experienced hypertension. Hypertension and anxiety have a complex relationship in which anxiety could have an effect on blood pressure. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between anxiety and hypertension. This study used a cross sectional design with a sample size of fifteen elderlies in a nursing home using purposive sampling technique. Data was analyzed by Spearman’s Rank Test with a 5 % significance level. It was found that 60% of the respondents had mild anxiety while 20% respondents had moderate anxiety and the other 20% respondents had severe anxiety. A significant association was not found between anxiety and hypertension (p-value = 0,870). Anxiety was not a significant factor related to hypertension. Age factor may influence a blood pressure increase in the elderly. Other risk factors that should also be investigated related to hypertension were diet, lack of activity and antihypertensive adherence.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Fikriana R. (2017). The Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension in the Elderly.In Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of Public Health - Volume 1: ISOPH, ISBN 978-989-758-338-4, pages 368-371. DOI: 10.5220/0007514303680371


in Bibtex Style

@conference{isoph17,
author={Riza Fikriana},
title={The Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension in the Elderly},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of Public Health - Volume 1: ISOPH,},
year={2017},
pages={368-371},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007514303680371},
isbn={978-989-758-338-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium of Public Health - Volume 1: ISOPH,
TI - The Relationship Between Anxiety and Hypertension in the Elderly
SN - 978-989-758-338-4
AU - Fikriana R.
PY - 2017
SP - 368
EP - 371
DO - 10.5220/0007514303680371