Of Guardians, Cynics, and Pragmatists - A Typology of Privacy Concerns and Behavior

Eva-Maria Schomakers, Chantal Lidynia, Luisa Vervier, Martina Ziefle

Abstract

Online privacy is one of the most discussed topics in the digital era. User concerns about online privacy can be a barrier to the use of digital services. Different approaches, mostly from a social science perspective, try to understand user concerns, attitudes, and behaviors in the online context. Especially the so-called privacy paradox, the discrepancy between high privacy concerns and contradicting low privacy protection behavior, has been of interest. This phenomenon has been explained in different ways: users performing a privacy calculus, making affective decisions, or being overwhelmed, resigned by the complexity of online threats and protective measures. Complementing these theories, we hypothesize that different user types approach privacy differently. A survey (N=337) investigates the privacy attitudes, behaviors, and experiences of German internet users. With a cluster analysis, three distinct types of users were identified: the “Privacy Guardians,” highly concerned and taking much privacy protective actions, the “Privacy Cynics,” concerned but feeling powerless and unable to protect their privacy, and the “Privacy Pragmatists,” showing the least concerns which they weigh against benefits. These user groups need different tools and guidelines for protecting their privacy.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Schomakers E., Lidynia C., Vervier L. and Ziefle M. (2018). Of Guardians, Cynics, and Pragmatists - A Typology of Privacy Concerns and Behavior.In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Internet of Things, Big Data and Security - Volume 1: IoTBDS, ISBN 978-989-758-296-7, pages 153-163. DOI: 10.5220/0006774301530163


in Bibtex Style

@conference{iotbds18,
author={Eva-Maria Schomakers and Chantal Lidynia and Luisa Vervier and Martina Ziefle},
title={Of Guardians, Cynics, and Pragmatists - A Typology of Privacy Concerns and Behavior},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Internet of Things, Big Data and Security - Volume 1: IoTBDS,},
year={2018},
pages={153-163},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006774301530163},
isbn={978-989-758-296-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Internet of Things, Big Data and Security - Volume 1: IoTBDS,
TI - Of Guardians, Cynics, and Pragmatists - A Typology of Privacy Concerns and Behavior
SN - 978-989-758-296-7
AU - Schomakers E.
AU - Lidynia C.
AU - Vervier L.
AU - Ziefle M.
PY - 2018
SP - 153
EP - 163
DO - 10.5220/0006774301530163