VOLA: A Compact Volumetric Format for 3D Mapping and Embedded Systems

Jonathan Byrne, Léonie Buckley, Sam Caulfield, David Moloney

Abstract

The Volumetric Accelerator (VOLA) format is a compact data structure that unifies computer vision and 3D rendering and allows for the rapid calculation of connected components, per-voxel census/accounting, Deep Learning and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) inference, path planning and obstacle avoidance. Using a hierarchical bit array format allows it to run efficiently on embedded systems and maximize the level of data compression for network transmission. The proposed format allows massive scale volumetric data to be used in embedded applications where it would be inconceivable to utilize point-clouds due to memory constraints. Furthermore, geographical and qualitative data is embedded in the file structure to allow it to be used in place of standard point cloud formats. This work examines the reduction in file size when encoding 3D data using the VOLA format. Four real world Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) datasets are converted and produced data an order of magnitude smaller than the current binary standard for point cloud data. Additionally, a new metric based on a neighborhood lookup is developed that measures an accurate resolution for a point cloud dataset.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Byrne J., Buckley L., Caulfield S. and Moloney D. (2018). VOLA: A Compact Volumetric Format for 3D Mapping and Embedded Systems.In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM, ISBN 978-989-758-294-3, pages 129-137. DOI: 10.5220/0006797501290137


in Bibtex Style

@conference{gistam18,
author={Jonathan Byrne and Léonie Buckley and Sam Caulfield and David Moloney},
title={VOLA: A Compact Volumetric Format for 3D Mapping and Embedded Systems},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM,},
year={2018},
pages={129-137},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006797501290137},
isbn={978-989-758-294-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management - Volume 1: GISTAM,
TI - VOLA: A Compact Volumetric Format for 3D Mapping and Embedded Systems
SN - 978-989-758-294-3
AU - Byrne J.
AU - Buckley L.
AU - Caulfield S.
AU - Moloney D.
PY - 2018
SP - 129
EP - 137
DO - 10.5220/0006797501290137