Imagery Improves Reaction Time in Elite Sprinters

Muhammad Talha Iftikhar, Cliff J. Mallett, Mohammad Asghar Javed

Abstract

Motor imagery has been found to be helpful for developing skills in sport. Motor imagery (MI) helps an athlete to visualize simple or complex motor activities in the absence of physical practice. Few studies have inspected the effects of motor imagery on trained individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of motor imagery on reaction time. Differences in reaction time can make a difference in terms of the overall performance (time, ranking). Twenty-four male and female National elite athletes (12 male; age: 22.92+1.73 years and 12 female; age: 22.67+1.67 years), who participated in this study, were classified into two (2) groups. Participants were classified according to data from a pretest in which they recorded their reaction time (ms) on starting blocks and a 30 meters race time (s). The control group (N=12) carried out the practice physically and the imagery (intervention) group (N=12) firstly carried out the practice mentally and then physically with the control group. Motor Imagery was conducted on the experimental group for fifteen (15) minutes every day for two (2) weeks. At the end of two (2) weeks, a post-test was conducted to examine any intervention effects. The data were analyzed by a paired t-test. The findings revealed that imagery group athletes improved more than the control group (p < 0.05). A couple of the athletes from the physical practice group (no intervention) showed better results than the imagery group, but the researcher observed the potential reason behind this enhancement might have been due to the competitive atmosphere created due the experiment for which they put their best to beat the other group in the post test.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Iftikhar M., Mallett C. and Javed M. (2018). Imagery Improves Reaction Time in Elite Sprinters.In Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: icSPORTS, ISBN 978-989-758-325-4, pages 27-33. DOI: 10.5220/0006898300270033


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icsports18,
author={Muhammad Talha Iftikhar and Cliff J. Mallett and Mohammad Asghar Javed},
title={Imagery Improves Reaction Time in Elite Sprinters},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: icSPORTS,},
year={2018},
pages={27-33},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006898300270033},
isbn={978-989-758-325-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Sport Sciences Research and Technology Support - Volume 1: icSPORTS,
TI - Imagery Improves Reaction Time in Elite Sprinters
SN - 978-989-758-325-4
AU - Iftikhar M.
AU - Mallett C.
AU - Javed M.
PY - 2018
SP - 27
EP - 33
DO - 10.5220/0006898300270033