Static Balance Performance and Sensory Integration Abilities of Children with Dyslexia and Developmental Coordination Disorder

M. Nunzi, F. Sylos Labini, A. Meli, S. Baldi, D. Tufarelli, C. Di Brina

Abstract

Introduction: Postural dysfunctions are described in Developmental Disorders: the static balance deficit is one of the major features of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and is reported in Dyslexic Children. With computerized dynamic posturography (CDP) balance can be assessed objectively. The primary aim of this study was to assess the postural function in DCD and Dyslexic in comparison with a Control Group (CG) using CDP. Subjects and Methods: Forty-seven children (29 males e 18 females) were assessed using all the six conditions of the Sensory Organizing Test (SOT). 18 CG children (mean age 9.66 ± 1.96 years), 15 Dyslexic children (mean age 9.78 ± 1.09 years) and 14 DCD children (mean age 8.35 ± 1.79 years) were included. Results: DCD had poorer balance measured with the SOT score in every condition (p<0.05) except in SOT 3 (p= n.s.) compared to the CG. Dyslexic children had a good postural control compared to the CG, except in SOT 5 (p = 0.02). Conclusions: CDP showed that the DCD group had, as expected, a poorer balance than DD and CG. It is possible to differentiate Dyslexics from the CG only in SOT 5, indicating that the postural disturbance of this group is probably of primarily central vestibular origin. The somatic-sensory input had the same influence on balance function in the three groups.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Nunzi M., Labini F., Meli A., Baldi S., Tufarelli D. and Brina C. (2018). Static Balance Performance and Sensory Integration Abilities of Children with Dyslexia and Developmental Coordination Disorder.In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer-Human Interaction Research and Applications - Volume 1: CHIRA, ISBN 978-989-758-328-5, pages 150-155. DOI: 10.5220/0006930601500155


in Bibtex Style

@conference{chira18,
author={M. Nunzi and F. Sylos Labini and A. Meli and S. Baldi and D. Tufarelli and C. Di Brina},
title={Static Balance Performance and Sensory Integration Abilities of Children with Dyslexia and Developmental Coordination Disorder},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer-Human Interaction Research and Applications - Volume 1: CHIRA,},
year={2018},
pages={150-155},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0006930601500155},
isbn={978-989-758-328-5},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer-Human Interaction Research and Applications - Volume 1: CHIRA,
TI - Static Balance Performance and Sensory Integration Abilities of Children with Dyslexia and Developmental Coordination Disorder
SN - 978-989-758-328-5
AU - Nunzi M.
AU - Labini F.
AU - Meli A.
AU - Baldi S.
AU - Tufarelli D.
AU - Brina C.
PY - 2018
SP - 150
EP - 155
DO - 10.5220/0006930601500155