Forest Fire Area Estimation using Support Vector Machine as an Approximator

Nittaya Kerdprasop, Pumrapee Poomka, Paradee Chuaybamroong, Kittisak Kerdprasop

Abstract

Forest fire is critical environmental issue that can cause severe damage. Fast detection and accurate estimation of forest fire burned area can help firefighters to effectively control damage. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to apply state of the art data modeling method to estimate the area of forest fire burning using support vector machine (SVM) algorithm as a tool for area approximation. The dataset is real forest fires data from the Montesinho natural park in the northeast region of Portugal. The original dataset comprises of 517 records with 13 attributes. We randomly sample the data 10 times to obtain 10 data-subsets for building estimation models using two kinds of SVM kernel: radial basis function and polynomial function. The obtained models are compared against other proposed techniques to assess performances based on the two measurement metrics: mean absolute error (MAE) and root mean square error (RMSE). The experimental results show that our SVM predictor using polynomial kernel function can precisely estimate forest fire damage area with the MAE and RMSE as low as 6.48 and 7.65, respectively. These errors are less than other techniques reported in the literature.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Kerdprasop N., Poomka P., Chuaybamroong P. and Kerdprasop K. (2018). Forest Fire Area Estimation using Support Vector Machine as an Approximator.In Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence - Volume 1: IJCCI, ISBN 978-989-758-327-8, pages 269-273. DOI: 10.5220/0007224802690273


in Bibtex Style

@conference{ijcci18,
author={Nittaya Kerdprasop and Pumrapee Poomka and Paradee Chuaybamroong and Kittisak Kerdprasop},
title={Forest Fire Area Estimation using Support Vector Machine as an Approximator},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence - Volume 1: IJCCI,},
year={2018},
pages={269-273},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007224802690273},
isbn={978-989-758-327-8},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence - Volume 1: IJCCI,
TI - Forest Fire Area Estimation using Support Vector Machine as an Approximator
SN - 978-989-758-327-8
AU - Kerdprasop N.
AU - Poomka P.
AU - Chuaybamroong P.
AU - Kerdprasop K.
PY - 2018
SP - 269
EP - 273
DO - 10.5220/0007224802690273