The Effect of Seawater on the Quantity of Dental Pulped DNA in Forensic Odontology Identification

Nazaratun Thaiyibah, Amalia Rozaiza Ightikhoma, Ahmad Yudianto

Abstract

The identification of forensic odontology on victims of sea natural disasters is highly efficient. Its contrast with the identification of soft tissue that are susceptible to damage is a consequence of seawater exposure. Seawater affects the decomposition of corpses and creates potential difference due to salinity (content of salt) in the water. The identification of odontology can consist of DNA analysis of the dental pulp, because the dental pulp is shielded by hard tissue such as dentine and enamel which are makes the pulp capable to protect the DNA, but the enamel is semipermeable (water permeable), which can affect the extraction of DNA degree and its purity. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of seawater to the quantity of teeth pulp DNA. The research was conducted experimentally by observing and explaining situations that occurred (cause and effect) in dental pulp DNA quantity exposure to seawater from 1 day and 7 days using spectrophotometer method with wavelengths of 260 nm and 280 nm. The results of this study indicated that the waters of the Lombok Strait with 28.74 ‰ of salinity degraded the DNA content of the dental pulp, but the DNA purity remained stable.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Thaiyibah N., Ightikhoma A. and Yudianto A. (2018). The Effect of Seawater on the Quantity of Dental Pulped DNA in Forensic Odontology Identification.In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS, ISBN 978-989-758-348-3, pages 440-445. DOI: 10.5220/0007544604400445


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icps18,
author={Nazaratun Thaiyibah and Amalia Rozaiza Ightikhoma and Ahmad Yudianto},
title={The Effect of Seawater on the Quantity of Dental Pulped DNA in Forensic Odontology Identification},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,},
year={2018},
pages={440-445},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007544604400445},
isbn={978-989-758-348-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,
TI - The Effect of Seawater on the Quantity of Dental Pulped DNA in Forensic Odontology Identification
SN - 978-989-758-348-3
AU - Thaiyibah N.
AU - Ightikhoma A.
AU - Yudianto A.
PY - 2018
SP - 440
EP - 445
DO - 10.5220/0007544604400445