Optimization of Nano Coral-Based Synthesis Calcium Phosphate with Concentration Variation of Phosphoric Acid and Sintering Temperature

Siswanto, Mayasari Hariyanto, Siti Nurmala

Abstract

Research on the optimization of calcium phosphate formation has been carried out. The material used is nanocoral with varying concentrations of phosphoric acid and sintering temperature. The method used is precipitation method. There were three variations of molar concentration of phosphoric acid used, namely 1M; 1.5M; and 2M. While the variations in sintering temperature were 800ᵒC, 850ᵒC, 900ᵒC and 950ᵒC respectively. Nano-sized powders were obtained through mechano-chemical processes of fossilized corals using High Energy Milling (HEM) for 20 hours, which is 64.93nm. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) observation results showed that the Calcium Phosphate phase formed is Hydroxyapatite (HAp), β-Tricalcium Phosphate (β-TCP) and Tetra Calcium Phosphate (TTCP). The TTCP phase only occurred at 9500C. The largest volume of HAp fraction occurred at the molar concentration of 1.5 M of phosphoric acid with sintering temperature of 850ᵒC, which is 70.7% and the remaining β-TCP phase is 29.2%. The crystallinity percentage that occurred in these conditions is 94.95%.

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in Harvard Style

Siswanto., Hariyanto M. and Nurmala S. (2018). Optimization of Nano Coral-Based Synthesis Calcium Phosphate with Concentration Variation of Phosphoric Acid and Sintering Temperature.In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS, ISBN 978-989-758-348-3, pages 465-468. DOI: 10.5220/0007545104650468


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icps18,
author={Siswanto and Mayasari Hariyanto and Siti Nurmala},
title={Optimization of Nano Coral-Based Synthesis Calcium Phosphate with Concentration Variation of Phosphoric Acid and Sintering Temperature},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,},
year={2018},
pages={465-468},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007545104650468},
isbn={978-989-758-348-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,
TI - Optimization of Nano Coral-Based Synthesis Calcium Phosphate with Concentration Variation of Phosphoric Acid and Sintering Temperature
SN - 978-989-758-348-3
AU - Siswanto.
AU - Hariyanto M.
AU - Nurmala S.
PY - 2018
SP - 465
EP - 468
DO - 10.5220/0007545104650468