Amino Acid and Proximate Compositions of Cultured and Wild Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758) from Makurdi-Nigeria

A.S. Nege, E. T. Akange

Abstract

This study was aimed at identifying the fish habitat that harbors O. niloticus with higher nutrients and availing these findings for nutritional guidance. Amino acid and proximate compositions of O. niloticus from Lower Benue River and UAM fish farm were determined monthly for a 3month period, using methods of Benitez (1989) and AOAC (2006) respectively. The mean of Glutamic acid (12.51±0.64 and 11.85±0.67) and Alanine (5.40±0.23 and 4.50±0.41) varied significantly (p<0.05) between the wild and cultured while other amino acids were not. In October, ash (4.62±0.02 and 3.69±0.02), fat (4.71±0.06 and 3.61±0.02), protein (14.62±0.07 and 9.98±0.02) and moisture (75.67±0.07 and 79.65±0.15) varied significantly between the wild and cultured O. niloticus. Crude protein (20.46±0.01 and 18.75±0.04) and moisture (69.32±0.02 and 73.35±0.20) significantly varied in November between the samples respectively. Only crude protein (18.89±0.04 and 20.31±0.06) varied statistically in December between wild and cultured. The mean of crude protein (17.99±1.22 and 16.34±1.86) and the mean moisture (72.53±1.16 and 74.94±1.52) differed significantly between the wild and cultured. From these results. O. niloticus wild expressed superiority over the cultured, however, both River Benue at Makurdi and the UAM fish farm harbor nutritious O. niloticus which is good for human consumption based on our daily amino acid and protein needs.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Nege A. and Akange E. (2018). Amino Acid and Proximate Compositions of Cultured and Wild Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758) from Makurdi-Nigeria.In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS, ISBN 978-989-758-348-3, pages 567-570. DOI: 10.5220/0007547105670570


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icps18,
author={A.S. Nege and E. T. Akange},
title={Amino Acid and Proximate Compositions of Cultured and Wild Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758) from Makurdi-Nigeria},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,},
year={2018},
pages={567-570},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007547105670570},
isbn={978-989-758-348-3},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference Postgraduate School - Volume 1: ICPS,
TI - Amino Acid and Proximate Compositions of Cultured and Wild Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus 1758) from Makurdi-Nigeria
SN - 978-989-758-348-3
AU - Nege A.
AU - Akange E.
PY - 2018
SP - 567
EP - 570
DO - 10.5220/0007547105670570