Quality Control of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) as Traditional Medicine from Wonogiri, Central Java

Fatimah Nisma, Ema Dewanti, Rini Prastiwi, Alexander, Wanda Puspita Sari, Wido Artanto

Abstract

Turmeric is one of the plants that can be used as traditional medicine. To improve the quality of turmeric as a traditional medicine, turmeric must be free from contamination of pesticide residues, aflatoxin, pathogen bacteria, and curcumin content contained therein. The aim of this research is to investigate the contamination of endosulfan and malathion pesticides, aflatoxin B1, Escherichia coli microbial contamination, Salmonella sp., Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as well as to know the content of curcumin contained in turmeric rhizomes. The sample in this research was taken from Wonogiri region of Central Java by random sampling. The methods used are HPLC for Aflatoxin B1 analysis and curcumin and Gas Chromatography for residual pesticide analysis of Endosulfan and Malathion pesticides. Microbial testing included the establishment of Total Plate Count, AKK, MPN Coliform, and analysis of Escherichia coli microbial contamination, Salmonella sp., Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results showed that the samples were not contaminated by Aflatoxin B1 and Endosulfan pesticides, but contained a residual malathion with levels of 0.014 mg/kg. Microbial test results showed that the turmeric samples from the Wonogiri market did not meet the quality requirements due to contamination of Salmonella sp. and the chopped AKK exceeded the specified limits.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Nisma F., Dewanti E., Prastiwi R., Alexander., Sari W. and Artanto W. (2018). Quality Control of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) as Traditional Medicine from Wonogiri, Central Java.In Proceedings of the 1st Muhammadiyah International Conference on Health and Pharmaceutical Development - Volume 1: MICH-PhD, ISBN 978-989-758-349-0, pages 159-168. DOI: 10.5220/0008241101590168


in Bibtex Style

@conference{mich-phd18,
author={Fatimah Nisma and Ema Dewanti and Rini Prastiwi and Alexander and Wanda Puspita Sari and Wido Artanto},
title={Quality Control of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) as Traditional Medicine from Wonogiri, Central Java},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 1st Muhammadiyah International Conference on Health and Pharmaceutical Development - Volume 1: MICH-PhD,},
year={2018},
pages={159-168},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008241101590168},
isbn={978-989-758-349-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 1st Muhammadiyah International Conference on Health and Pharmaceutical Development - Volume 1: MICH-PhD,
TI - Quality Control of Turmeric Rhizome (Curcuma domestica Val) as Traditional Medicine from Wonogiri, Central Java
SN - 978-989-758-349-0
AU - Nisma F.
AU - Dewanti E.
AU - Prastiwi R.
AU - Alexander.
AU - Sari W.
AU - Artanto W.
PY - 2018
SP - 159
EP - 168
DO - 10.5220/0008241101590168