Comparison of Stress Level and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Chronic Illness in Bangkok and Surabaya

Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari, Jintana Artsanthia

Abstract

Elderly with chronic illness, such as hypertension (HT) and diabetes mellitus (DM), was prone to stress that potentially decrease quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to compare and analyze the differences of stress level and QOL in hypertensive and/or diabetic elderly between Bangkok and Surabaya. This cross-sectional study involved 100 and 96 elderly with HT and/or DM in communities of Bangkok and Surabaya respectively (n=196). There were 60 DM, 68 HT, and 68 DM&HT cases compiled from both sites. Instrument used were SPST-20 and WHOQOL-BREF. Independent sample T test and Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z test were used for data analysis (α=.05). There were 6% and 0% mild stress, 64% and 29.17% moderate stress, 24% and 67.71% high stress, 6% and 3.13% severe stress were found in Bangkok and Surabaya respectively. Stress level was differ significantly between Bangkok and Surabaya (p=.000). Coping strategy tends to be more adaptive in Bangkok. There were 25% and 0% poor QOL, 52% and 91.67% moderate QOL, 23% and 8.33% good QOL were found in Bangkok and Surabaya respectively. QOL was also differ significantly between Bangkok and Surabaya (p=.000). Elderly in Surabaya had higher stress level, but elderly in Bangkok had lower QOL.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Sari N. and Artsanthia J. (2018). Comparison of Stress Level and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Chronic Illness in Bangkok and Surabaya.In Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC, ISBN 978-989-758-336-0, pages 101-109. DOI: 10.5220/0008321201010109


in Bibtex Style

@conference{inc18,
author={Ni Putu Wulan Purnama Sari and Jintana Artsanthia},
title={Comparison of Stress Level and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Chronic Illness in Bangkok and Surabaya},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,},
year={2018},
pages={101-109},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008321201010109},
isbn={978-989-758-336-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,
TI - Comparison of Stress Level and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Chronic Illness in Bangkok and Surabaya
SN - 978-989-758-336-0
AU - Sari N.
AU - Artsanthia J.
PY - 2018
SP - 101
EP - 109
DO - 10.5220/0008321201010109