The Effect of Walking Exercise and Pursed Lips Breathing on Signs and Symptoms of COPD Patients: A Systematic Review

Arum Dwi Ningsih, Muhammad Amin, Abu Bakar

Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) at Global Status of Non-communicable diseases in 2015 explained that COPD is the 4th largest non-communicable disease in the world. Dyspnea, increased respiratory rate, decreased oxygen saturation and activity intolerance are typical symptoms in COPD patients. These symptoms correlate to pulmonary function abnormalities such as impairment of FEV1 and FEV1/FVC. The condition of the patients will become worse if they don‟t get therapy and rehabilitation. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify research about the effect of walking exercise and pursed lips breathing to clinical symptoms, lung function, and exercise tolerance of COPD patients. Search articles through database: Pro quest, Scopus, Science Direct, and EBSCO published between 2007 -2017. There are sixteen research journals. Based on the search results, found 43 journals. After being selected according to the inclusion criteria, 16 journals have been reviewed. Eleven journals used pursed lips breathing intervention, while 5 journals on walking exercise intervention in COPD patients. The application of walking exercise and pursed lips breathing improved symptoms, lung function, and exercise tolerance in COPD patients. We suggest to do further research with larger sample quantities, increase exercise frequency and the need for further monitoring.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Ningsih A., Amin M. and Bakar A. (2018). The Effect of Walking Exercise and Pursed Lips Breathing on Signs and Symptoms of COPD Patients: A Systematic Review.In Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC, ISBN 978-989-758-336-0, pages 287-291. DOI: 10.5220/0008324002870291


in Bibtex Style

@conference{inc18,
author={Arum Dwi Ningsih and Muhammad Amin and Abu Bakar},
title={The Effect of Walking Exercise and Pursed Lips Breathing on Signs and Symptoms of COPD Patients: A Systematic Review},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,},
year={2018},
pages={287-291},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008324002870291},
isbn={978-989-758-336-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,
TI - The Effect of Walking Exercise and Pursed Lips Breathing on Signs and Symptoms of COPD Patients: A Systematic Review
SN - 978-989-758-336-0
AU - Ningsih A.
AU - Amin M.
AU - Bakar A.
PY - 2018
SP - 287
EP - 291
DO - 10.5220/0008324002870291