Physical Activity, Sleep Quality and Physical Fitness of the Elderly Who Lived in Nursing Home

Elida Ulfiana, Dyah Priyantini, Rista Fauziningtyas

Abstract

The aging process can cause a reduction in physiological function. Being older means a 30-50% decrease in physical fitness for the elderly. Factors related to elderly fitness are associated with the Giant Geriatric Syndrome including physical activity and sleep quality. This research is intended to explain the relationship of physical activity and sleep quality with the level of physical fitness of the elderly who live in nursing homes. This research used a descriptive correlational design with a cross-sectional approach. The population was the elderly with a Barthel score > 60. Sample size was 102 respondents with total sampling. The variables were physical activity, sleep quality and physical fitness. The instrument used was a 24 hours activity recall questionnaire, Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index. Physical fitness was measured using a six minutes walking test, five times sit to stand test, chair sit and reach test and body mass index. Data analysis used chi square α ≤ 0,05. The results showed that there was a significant correlation between physical activity and sleep quality and physical fitness (p=0,001). Physical activity in the category of moderate to hard activity and good sleep quality can improve physical fitness in the elderly because the physical fitness results from metabolism that occurs in the sleep cycle. It can be concluded that physical activity and sleep quality had the effect of maintaining physical fitness.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Ulfiana E., Priyantini D. and Fauziningtyas R. (2018). Physical Activity, Sleep Quality and Physical Fitness of the Elderly Who Lived in Nursing Home.In Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC, ISBN 978-989-758-336-0, pages 388-393. DOI: 10.5220/0008325703880393


in Bibtex Style

@conference{inc18,
author={Elida Ulfiana and Dyah Priyantini and Rista Fauziningtyas},
title={Physical Activity, Sleep Quality and Physical Fitness of the Elderly Who Lived in Nursing Home},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,},
year={2018},
pages={388-393},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0008325703880393},
isbn={978-989-758-336-0},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 9th International Nursing Conference - INC,
TI - Physical Activity, Sleep Quality and Physical Fitness of the Elderly Who Lived in Nursing Home
SN - 978-989-758-336-0
AU - Ulfiana E.
AU - Priyantini D.
AU - Fauziningtyas R.
PY - 2018
SP - 388
EP - 393
DO - 10.5220/0008325703880393