Detection of Gene-gene Interactions: Methodological Comparison on Real-World Data and Insights on Synergy between Methods

Hugo Boisaubert, Christine Sinoquet

Abstract

In this paper, we report three contributions in the field of gene-gene interaction (epistasis) detection. Our first contribution is the comparative analysis of five approaches designed to tackle epistasis detection, on real-world datasets. The aim is to help fill the lack of feedback on the behaviors of published methods in real-life epistasis detection. We focus on four state-of-the-art approaches encompassing random forests, Bayesian inference, optimization techniques and Markov blanket learning. Besides, a recently developed approach, SMMB-ACO (Stochastic Multiple Markov Blankets with Ant Colony Optimization) is included in the comparison. Thus, our second contribution addresses assessing the behavior of SMMB-ACO on real-world data, while SMMB-ACO was mainly evaluated so far through small-scale simulations. We used a published case control dataset related to Crohn’s disease. Focusing on pairwise interactions, we report a great heterogeneity across the methods in running times, memory occupancies, numbers of interactions output, distributions of p-values and odds ratios characterizing the interactions. Then, our third contribution is a proof-of-concept study in the context of genetic association interaction studies, to foster alternatives to analyses driven by prior biological knowledge. The principle is to cross the results of several machine learning methods whose intrinsic mechanisms greatly differ, to provide a priorized list of interactions to be validated experimentally. Focusing on the interactions identified in common by two methods at least, we obtained a priorized list of 56 interactions, from which we could infer one interaction network of size 7, four networks of size 4 and six of size 3.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Boisaubert H. and Sinoquet C. (2019). Detection of Gene-gene Interactions: Methodological Comparison on Real-World Data and Insights on Synergy between Methods.In Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOINFORMATICS, ISBN 978-989-758-353-7, pages 30-42. DOI: 10.5220/0007374400300042


in Bibtex Style

@conference{bioinformatics19,
author={Hugo Boisaubert and Christine Sinoquet},
title={Detection of Gene-gene Interactions: Methodological Comparison on Real-World Data and Insights on Synergy between Methods},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOINFORMATICS,},
year={2019},
pages={30-42},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007374400300042},
isbn={978-989-758-353-7},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3: BIOINFORMATICS,
TI - Detection of Gene-gene Interactions: Methodological Comparison on Real-World Data and Insights on Synergy between Methods
SN - 978-989-758-353-7
AU - Boisaubert H.
AU - Sinoquet C.
PY - 2019
SP - 30
EP - 42
DO - 10.5220/0007374400300042