Determining Capacity of Shunting Yards by Combining Graph Classification with Local Search

Arno van de Ven, Yingqian Zhang, Wan-Jui Lee, Rik Eshuis, Anna Wilbik

Abstract

Dutch Railways (NS) uses a shunt plan simulator to determine capacities of shunting yards. Central to this simulator is a local search heuristic. Solving this capacity determination problem is very time consuming, as it requires to solve an NP-hard shunting planning problem, and furthermore, the capacity has to determined for a large number of possible scenarios at over 30 shunting yards in The Netherlands. In this paper, we propose to combine machine learning with local search in order to speed up finding shunting plans in the capacity determination problem. The local search heuristic models the activities that take place on the shunting yard as nodes in an activity graph with precedence relations. Consequently, we apply the Deep Graph Convolutional Neural Network, which is a graph classification method, to predict whether local search will find a feasible shunt plan given an initial solution. Our experimental results show our approach can significantly reduce the simulation time in determining the capacity of a given shunting yard. This study demonstrates how machine learning can be used to boost optimization algorithms in an industrial application.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

van de Ven A., Zhang Y., Lee W., Eshuis R. and Wilbik A. (2019). Determining Capacity of Shunting Yards by Combining Graph Classification with Local Search.In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-350-6, pages 285-293. DOI: 10.5220/0007398502850293


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart19,
author={Arno van de Ven and Yingqian Zhang and Wan-Jui Lee and Rik Eshuis and Anna Wilbik},
title={Determining Capacity of Shunting Yards by Combining Graph Classification with Local Search},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,},
year={2019},
pages={285-293},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007398502850293},
isbn={978-989-758-350-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,
TI - Determining Capacity of Shunting Yards by Combining Graph Classification with Local Search
SN - 978-989-758-350-6
AU - van de Ven A.
AU - Zhang Y.
AU - Lee W.
AU - Eshuis R.
AU - Wilbik A.
PY - 2019
SP - 285
EP - 293
DO - 10.5220/0007398502850293