Air Quality Forecast through Integrated Data Assimilation and Machine Learning

Hai Lin, Jianbing Jin, Jaap van den Herik

Abstract

Numerical models of chemical transport have been used to simulate the complex processes involved in the formation and transport of air pollutants. Although these models can predict the spatiotemporal variability of a variety of chemical species, the accuracy of these models is often limited. Therefore, in the past two decades, data assimilation methods have been applied to use the available measurements for improving the forecast. Nowadays, machine learning techniques provide new opportunities for improving the air quality forecast. A case study on PM10 concentrations during a dust storm is performed. It is known that the PM10 concentrations are caused by multiple emission sources, e.g., dust from desert and anthropogenic emissions. An accurate modeling of the PM10 concentration levels owing to the local anthropogenic emissions is essential for an adequate evaluation of the dust level. However, real-time measurement of local emissions is not possible, so no direct data is available. Actually, the lack of in-time emission inventories is one of the main reasons that current numerical chemical transport models cannot produce accurate anthropogenic PM10 simulations. Using machine learning techniques to generate local emissions based on real-time observations is a promising approach. We report how it can be combined with data assimilation to improve the accuracy of air quality forecast considerably.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Lin H., Jin J. and van den Herik J. (2019). Air Quality Forecast through Integrated Data Assimilation and Machine Learning.In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART, ISBN 978-989-758-350-6, pages 787-793. DOI: 10.5220/0007555207870793


in Bibtex Style

@conference{icaart19,
author={Hai Lin and Jianbing Jin and Jaap van den Herik},
title={Air Quality Forecast through Integrated Data Assimilation and Machine Learning},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,},
year={2019},
pages={787-793},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007555207870793},
isbn={978-989-758-350-6},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence - Volume 2: ICAART,
TI - Air Quality Forecast through Integrated Data Assimilation and Machine Learning
SN - 978-989-758-350-6
AU - Lin H.
AU - Jin J.
AU - van den Herik J.
PY - 2019
SP - 787
EP - 793
DO - 10.5220/0007555207870793