Direct Instruction and Its Extension with a Community of Inquiry: A Comparison of Mental Workload, Performance and Efficiency

Giuliano Orru, Luca Longo

Abstract

This paper investigates the efficiency of two instructional design conditions: a traditional design based on the direct instruction approach to learning and its extension with a collaborative activity based upon the community of inquiry approach to learning. This activity was built upon a set of textual trigger questions to elicit cognitive abilities and support knowledge formation. A total of 115 students participated in the experiments and a number of third-level computer science classes where divided in two groups. A control group of learners received the former instructional design while an experimental group also received the latter design. Subsequently, learners of each group individually answered a multiple-choice questionnaire, from which a performance measure was extracted for the evaluation of the acquired factual, conceptual and procedural knowledge. Two measures of mental workload were acquired through self-reporting questionnaires: one unidimensional and one multidimensional. These, in conjunction with the performance measure, contributed to the definition of a measure of efficiency. Evidence showed the positive impact of the added collaborative activity on efficiency.

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Paper Citation


in Harvard Style

Orru G. and Longo L. (2019). Direct Instruction and Its Extension with a Community of Inquiry: A Comparison of Mental Workload, Performance and Efficiency.In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU, ISBN 978-989-758-367-4, pages 436-444. DOI: 10.5220/0007757204360444


in Bibtex Style

@conference{csedu19,
author={Giuliano Orru and Luca Longo},
title={Direct Instruction and Its Extension with a Community of Inquiry: A Comparison of Mental Workload, Performance and Efficiency},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,},
year={2019},
pages={436-444},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007757204360444},
isbn={978-989-758-367-4},
}


in EndNote Style

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Supported Education - Volume 1: CSEDU,
TI - Direct Instruction and Its Extension with a Community of Inquiry: A Comparison of Mental Workload, Performance and Efficiency
SN - 978-989-758-367-4
AU - Orru G.
AU - Longo L.
PY - 2019
SP - 436
EP - 444
DO - 10.5220/0007757204360444