The Relationship between Body Composition and Physical Activity in Patients with Crohn’s Disease

Maurizio Marra, Olivia Di Vincenzo, Iolanda Cioffi, Rosa Sammarco, Luca Scalfi, Fabrizio Pasanisi

Abstract

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory gastrointestinal disease associated with malnutrition, inadequate intake, increased energy expenditure, impaired digestion and absorption, leading to a reduction in skeletal muscle mass and adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate body composition, phase angle (PhA) and muscular strength in a group of patients with CD. Forty-six male patients, participated in the study and were divided into two groups: 10 physically active patients (A-, age 29.1±8.9 years; weight 68.5±7.2 kg; height 172±4 cm; BMI 23.2±2.7 kg/m2) and 36 sedentary (S-, age 28.9±7.4 years; weight 67.7±8.6 kg; height 174±6 cm; BMI 22.4±2.5 kg/m2). Additionally, 20 healthy control subjects (CONTR, age 30.8±9.2 years; weight 71.4±5.6 kg; height 176±5 cm; BMI 23.1±2.1 kg/m2) participated in the study. S- presented significantly lower FFM values compared to control subjects (p<0.05) but not than A-; whereas no differences were observed for fat mass values between groups. Whole-body PhA was higher in A- than other groups; while upper-limbs PhA was lower in S than other groups and lower-limbs PhA was higher in A- than S- but not compared to controls. Finally, muscular strength resulted statistically lower in S- than C- but not than A-.

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