Evaluating the RESTfulness of “APIs from the Rough”

Arne Koschel, Irina Astrova, Maximilian Blankschyn, Dominik Schöner, Kevin Schulze

Abstract

Nowadays, REST is the most dominant architectural style of choice at least for newly created web services. So called RESTfulness is thus really a catchword for web application, which aim to expose parts of their functionality as RESTful web services. But are those web services RESTful indeed? This paper examines the RESTfulness of ten popular RESTful APIs (including Twitter and PayPal). For this examination, the paper defines REST, its characteristics as well as its pros and cons. Furthermore, Richardson's Maturity Model is shown and utilized to analyse those selected APIs regarding their RESTfulness. As an example, a simple, RESTful web service is provided as well.

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