Methods of Increasing Statokinetic Stability in Racers using Normobaric Hypoxia and Neck Muscle Training

Alexander Bolotin, Vladislav Bakayev, Leonid Buynov

Abstract

In recent years, against the background of a significant improvement in the equipment of pilots, improvement of technical characteristics of cars, a significant increase in the speed of movement of race drivers on the highway has been noted. At the same time, the psychophysiological capabilities of athletes remained virtually unchanged. This discrepancy, in turn, led to the fact that when the dynamic factors of the race and the speed of movement on the track are excessively affected, the athlete's body is affected by forces that impair not only its functional state, but also negatively affect competitive activity. To improve statokinetic stability of the experimental group subjects, a within a month normobaric hypoxia training course in combination with cervical muscle exercises was used. The control group subjects were given “fake” normobaric hypoxia courses and performed no dedicated cervical muscle exercise. The results of the study showed that the experimental group subjects who received normobaric hypoxia in combination with cervical muscle exercise demonstrated a reliably improved continuous cumulation of Coriolis acceleration (CCCA) tolerance time (versus initial measurements). Besides, there was a decrease in the manifestation degree of vestibulosensory, vestibulovegetative, and vestibulosomatic reactions, which generally indicates improvement of CCCA tolerance in this group of subjects. athletes.

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