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A Review of Safety Methods for Human-robot Collaboration and a Proposed Novel Approach

Topics: Computer-Based Manufacturing Technologies; Engineering Applications on Intelligent Control Systems and Optimization; Guidance, Navigation and Control; Human-Robots Interfaces; Industrial Internet of Things; Mechatronics Systems; Perception and Awareness

Authors: Ansuri Reddy ; Glen Bright and Jared Padayachee

Affiliation: Discipline of Mechanical Engineering, University of KwaZulu Natal, King George V Ave, Durban and South Africa

ISBN: 978-989-758-380-3

Keyword(s): Obstacle Avoidance, Trajectory Planning, Sensory Systems, Environment Mapping, Serial Manipulators.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Computer-Based Manufacturing Technologies ; Human-Robots Interfaces ; Industrial Engineering ; Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics ; Mechatronics Systems ; Perception and Awareness ; Robotics and Automation

Abstract: Industrial robots offer the advantage of flexible manufacturing and increased efficiency when paired with human workers. However, this means breaking well-established safety procedures such as safety fences and workspace separation. Robots present a danger to humans as they work at high speeds with sudden motions. It is therefore necessary to ensure safe interaction during collaboration. This paper presents a collection of sources that explain the trends and advances in the field of industrial robotics specifically to safety in human-robot interaction. Major trends and popular methods lean towards obstacle avoidance using a sensory planning method of polynomials and a sensory system that is able to map the robot workspace. The goal of these methods is to ensure that the human is kept safe. These methods were used to develop a novel approach to safe interactions. This approach uses a LIDAR sensor for obstacle detection and tracking.

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Paper citation in several formats:
Reddy, A.; Bright, G. and Padayachee, J. (2019). A Review of Safety Methods for Human-robot Collaboration and a Proposed Novel Approach.In Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO, ISBN 978-989-758-380-3, pages 243-248. DOI: 10.5220/0007840502430248

@conference{icinco19,
author={Ansuri Reddy. and Glen Bright. and Jared Padayachee.},
title={A Review of Safety Methods for Human-robot Collaboration and a Proposed Novel Approach},
booktitle={Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO,},
year={2019},
pages={243-248},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0007840502430248},
isbn={978-989-758-380-3},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics - Volume 1: ICINCO,
TI - A Review of Safety Methods for Human-robot Collaboration and a Proposed Novel Approach
SN - 978-989-758-380-3
AU - Reddy, A.
AU - Bright, G.
AU - Padayachee, J.
PY - 2019
SP - 243
EP - 248
DO - 10.5220/0007840502430248

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