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Author: Tulvio S. Durand

Affiliation: BSEE, Villanova University and University of California, United States

ISBN: 978-989-8565-78-5

Keyword(s): Asymptomatic, Aortic Stenosis, Aortic Valve Replacement, Decision Making.

Related Ontology Subjects/Areas/Topics: Artificial Intelligence ; Cardiovascular Technologies ; Computing and Telecommunications in Cardiology ; Data Mining ; Databases and Information Systems Integration ; Enterprise Information Systems ; Health Engineering and Technology Applications ; Patient Management Systems ; Sensor Networks ; Signal Processing ; Soft Computing

Abstract: Aortic stenosis disease typically progresses from mild to severe as patients age beyond 50, during which time patients are generally asymptomatic and their quality of life will remain similar to that of the general population. Most patients with Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis (ASAS) will develop one or more symptoms of angina, dyspnea, or syncope within five years. As there is no medicinal cure for the disease, these newly symptomatic patients will require Aortic Valve Replacement (AVR) surgery soon after onset of symptoms because without it 75% of them will die within three years from the first symptoms onset. The proper treatment of ASAS patients before they become symptomatic is subject to debate. The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) recommend “watchful waiting” for the onset of symptoms after which they recommend AVR surgery. Review of results of studies based on recently improved surgical outcomes indicate that preemptive AVR surgery be fore onset of symptoms produces vastly improved survivability compared to the watchful-waiting protocol. ACC/AHA guidelines for treatment of severe aortic stenosis accordingly should be modified to reflect this new reality by recommending early AVR surgery in place of watchful waiting for most all ASAS patients. (More)

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Paper citation in several formats:
S. Durand, T. (2013). Decision Making for Patients with Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis - The Case for Preemptive Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery.In Proceedings of the International Congress on Cardiovascular Technologies - Volume 1: CARDIOTECHNIX, ISBN 978-989-8565-78-5, pages 49-56. DOI: 10.5220/0004615000490056

@conference{cardiotechnix13,
author={Tulvio S. Durand.},
title={Decision Making for Patients with Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis - The Case for Preemptive Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery},
booktitle={Proceedings of the International Congress on Cardiovascular Technologies - Volume 1: CARDIOTECHNIX,},
year={2013},
pages={49-56},
publisher={SciTePress},
organization={INSTICC},
doi={10.5220/0004615000490056},
isbn={978-989-8565-78-5},
}

TY - CONF

JO - Proceedings of the International Congress on Cardiovascular Technologies - Volume 1: CARDIOTECHNIX,
TI - Decision Making for Patients with Asymptomatic Severe Aortic Stenosis - The Case for Preemptive Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
SN - 978-989-8565-78-5
AU - S. Durand, T.
PY - 2013
SP - 49
EP - 56
DO - 10.5220/0004615000490056

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